Emerging gene therapy and gene-editing technologies will have a growing impact on patient lives and health care delivery. The authors analyzed a decade of data on clinical trials and venture capital investments to understand the likely trajectory of genetically focused therapies in the years ahead. The number of clinical trials and venture capital deals increased substantially from 2006 to 2017. The authors observed particularly notable growth in both industry-sponsored trials and trials involving specialty fields of drug development, including oncology, neurology, hematology, ophthalmology, and neurology. As the number of gene-therapy and gene-editing technologies continues to grow, they expect that such therapies will have a significant and heterogeneous impact on health care delivery, including a shifting of resources from chronic disease management to more intense acute episodic care, an increase in the complexity of required intellectual property and manufacturing know-how, and the potential expansion of biopharmaceutical companies into service-based business models.
Pian, Julia, Amitabh Chandra, and Ariel Dora Stern. "The Past, Present, and (Near) Future of Gene Therapy and Gene Editing." NEJM Catalyst Innovations in Care Delivery 1.5 (September — October 2020).